October 31, 2013

Navigating in the Norwegian mountains before the GPS

Walking in the Norwegian mountains today I always have my ipad (and/or iphone) with downloaded topographic maps. Preloaded (so I can navigate without dependency of mobile telephone signals).
For safety I also bring my tradtional map and compass.

Whatever navigation tools we have you will also find the stone cairns with or without path signs many places along your way. Not least we have in our mountains houndreds of paths marked with a red T - corresponding with a net of paths made by the Norwegian Tourist Association (Turistforeningen).


In today's photos you will find some examples of the tradtional stone cairns markings in the mountains of Central Norway.

October 30, 2013

Last summer for the summer mountain farm

Seen here the remains of a summer farm in Valdres, Norway, which up to resently sheltered cows and sheeps in the summer from June to September. Traditionally the animals was walked up from the farms in the valley and to the summer farm. The last years they was transported in trucks.

The practice of summer pasture farming is ancient, almost as old as farming is here in this country. Archaeological finds uncovered in mountain valleys witness that summer farming took place already in the Iron Age, in the 7th century.

Summer pasture farming has been – and is – an integrated element of Norwegian agriculture, that is, first and foremost with regard to production of milk from cows and goats. Summer farming was first regulated in the laws that were laid down in the 12th century. According to the Gulatingslova (old Norwegian law) if a farmer did not herd his cows and goats to the summer pasture, he could be reported for illegal grazing – "grass robbery". In olden times cows produced 2⁄3 of their annual production in the summer farming period, and in a wintry country (like Norway) it was vital to process this raw material into food that could be stored and used throughout the long winter.

For more of the summer farms visit the complete article at "Olavsrosa" right here:

www.olavsrosa.no/en/redaksjonelt.aspx?id=146726

October 29, 2013

Hallingdal the valley between Oslo and Bergen

Hallingdal is a well known valley between Oslo and Bergen in Norway.
Both a main road and the central railway line between the captol Oslo and the leading city by the westcoast: Bergen - pass in the valley down there in the afternoon mist .

Photo from Golsfjellet - Storefjell resort hotel.

October 28, 2013

Autumn vista from Golsfjell

We are looking towards the mountains in Hemsedal and Valdres from the summit of Golsfjell. Not to be seen in the photo but the Panorama road is just in front of the higher mountains in the back.

October 27, 2013

Dolphine dances in Valencia, Spain

The dolphines dances in the Oceanogràfic of the City of Arts and Sciences the largest aquarium in Europe and contains representatives of the world’s main marine ecosystems. Each building is identified with the following aquatic environments: the Mediterranean, Wetlands, Temperate and Tropical Seas, Oceans, the Antarctic, the Arctic, Islands, and the Red Sea, as well as the Dolphinarium with 24 million litres of water and a depth of 10.5 metres.

October 26, 2013

An American Eagle in Spain

Also this eagle was found in the Oceanogràfic of the City of Arts and Sciences is the largest aquarium in Europe and contains representatives of the world’s main marine ecosystems. Each building is identified with the following aquatic environments: the Mediterranean, Wetlands, Temperate and Tropical Seas, Oceans, the Antarctic, the Arctic, Islands, and the Red Sea, as well as the Dolphinarium with 24 million litres of water and a depth of 10.5 metres.

October 24, 2013

Under water in the L'Oceanographic, Valencia

Adventourus hiking under water in the park of Art and Sciences in Valencia, Spain

October 23, 2013

October 21, 2013

More reflections from Valencia, Spain

Details from the Calatrava bridge in Valencia is reflected in a nearby building in the city of Art and Science - Valencia.

October 20, 2013

Reflections in Valencia, Spain

Details from the Calatrava bridge in Valencia is reflected in a nearby building in the city of Art and Science - Valencia.

October 18, 2013

More from the park of art and sciences in Valencia, Spain


The Calatrava Bridge is an essential part of this new City of Art and Science by this former - now dried up - river banks.
In the front you can see the huge construction of the L'Hemisferic (concert hall)

October 17, 2013

Valencia - City of Arts and Science

The Calatrava Bridge is an essential part of this new City of Art and Science by this former - now dried up - river banks.
In the back you can see the countour of the Museo de las ciencias

October 16, 2013

Just another pond in Norway

There must be thousands of small ponds around the forested landscape of Norway SouthEast.

This is just another one - a place to sit down taking time for a little contemplation

 

October 14, 2013

Autnum by the Oslofjord

October Sunday at the island Jeløya in the Oslofjord, looking northwest. A perfect day for biking around this small island.

October 6, 2013

Mont Skogshorn, Norway in the autnum

In the autnum light and the colder temperature this magnificent and well known mountain in the Valdres region of Norway South is already covered with a thin layer of snow at it's peaks.